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How the ancients interpreted dreams

How did the ancients interpret dreams

It is a kind of superstition to predict good or bad luck based on dreams, and since dream divination superstition always says that dreams are revelations from gods or guidance from ghosts, the process of dream divination is to seek what gods or ghosts predict from dreams. content. However, dream fortune tellers and dream fortune tellers always keep their dream fortune telling secret. This not only maintains and enhances the mystery of dream fortune telling activities, but also facilitates them to follow their interpretation needs at will. This is what dream fortune telling is all about. key.

According to the dream image, the relationship between dream omens and future personnel can be divided into three ways: if the dream image, dream omen and future personnel are consistent, it is the same relationship, and the "direct interpretation" dream interpretation method needs to be used; If they are inconsistent, it means there is a different relationship, and you need to use the "interpretation" method of dream interpretation; if they are completely opposite, it means there is an opposite relationship, and you need to use the "reverse interpretation" method of dream interpretation.

1. Direct Interpretation Direct interpretation is to directly interpret a certain dream image as the person or event it portends. In other words, what kind of dream image there is, it is believed to be what kind of person or event there is, and the dream image and the person or event it portends. Both form and content belong to the same relationship. Since it is the same relationship, the dreamer can occupy it himself. Sometimes, due to lack of knowledge and experience, one cannot predict oneself, but once the dream fortune teller prompts, it will soon become clear. Direct interpretation is the simplest form of dream divination.

For example, King Wu dreamed that the three gods told him: I must let you attack Yin Zhou. The dream image was like this. King Wu believed that this was the order given to him by the three gods. As expected, he sent troops to attack Yin Zhou. This is a direct interpretation and self-occupation.

Another example is that Emperor Gaozong of the Yin Dynasty dreamed of finding Fu Shuo, that is, he found Fu Shuo. Although he didn't know Fu Shuo's name in the dream, he saw Fu Shuo's appearance. He believed that if God gave him such a person in the dream, he would definitely be able to find such a person. This dream was also his own interpretation.

Direct interpretation is the simplest and easiest method, and it appears earliest in the history of dream divination. Direct interpretation is a habit that everyone seems to be able to learn. However, direct interpretation is a big taboo for dreamers. If you use "direct interpretation" at will, it will be easy to "occupy but not verify" in the face of facts, thus losing room for maneuver. Therefore, if dreamers do not have sufficient If you are sure, you will never use this method lightly. Therefore, dreamers generally prefer "interpretation" as a method of dream interpretation.

2. Interpretation As the name suggests, interpretation is not to directly interpret the dream image as the person or event it portends, but to first convert the dream image in a certain form, and then interpret the dream image based on the converted dream image. personnel. Since the dream image has undergone a certain form of transformation, the dreamer can follow it as needed and leave room for maneuver. ExactlyDue to the apparent inconsistency, people need more explanations from dreamers, and the ghostly intentions or divine intentions contained in dreams revealed by dreamers are really miraculous to people who do not know the truth.

In terms of specific application, paraphrase can be divided into serial method, symbolic method, analogy method and homophonic method.

The connection method is to first transform the dream image into something connected to it, and then explain the dream meaning and personnel based on the type of thing connected to it. This kind of divination is based on people's life experience, so it is easier for dreamers to accept and understand.

For example, the Hezhen people believe that if they dream of drinking and getting money at night, they will definitely get prey when going hunting; if they dream of riding a horse and walking, they will return empty-handed from hunting. This is a kind of "connection" based on their hunting life experience. Only when you hunt for prey can you get money to sell it; only when you have money can you buy wine; if you go hunting and get nothing, there will naturally be nothing on the horse, so the hunters will walk on horseback. In this way, the Hezhe people in their dreams associated eating wine and getting money with getting prey, and riding horses and walking with hunting without success.

For another example, the Jingpo people believe that if the wife dreams about guns, long knives, etc., she will give birth to a boy; if she dreams about iron pots and pot holders, she will give birth to a girl. This is because the men of the Jingpo ethnic group have always been wielding knives and swords, while the women have always been cooking at home.

The method of symbolism is to first convert the dream image into what it symbolizes, and then explain the dream meaning and personnel based on what it symbolizes. For example: The dream of a bear and a snake comes from "Xiaoya Sigan". Zheng Xuan explained in "Jian": "The bear in the mountain is auspicious of Yang", so dreaming of a bear is a sign of giving birth to a boy; "The den of a snake is auspicious of Yin", so dreaming of a snake is a sign of giving birth to a girl. signs. Indeed, in terms of temperament, the bear is masculine and the snake is feminine. The use of bears and snakes as symbols of men and women may be related to prehistoric totem worship and exogamy.

The dream of fortune-telling comes from "Xiaoya·Wu Sheep". Primitive people initially made a living by hunting fish, day after day, year after year, and their psychological habits also regarded dreaming of many fish as a sign of a good harvest. Primitive people also have the concept of totems giving birth to people. The turtle and snake flag painted with longevity and fertility appears in dreams, which is naturally regarded as a sign of prosperity.

This conversion and interpretation of the dream fortune teller is making use of the above-mentioned traditional national habits and psychology. The symbolic method does not make certain connections in life absolute or universal like the categorical method, and the effect is relatively more effective.

The analogy method is based on certain characteristics of the dream image, using metaphors to explain the dream meaning, and using analogies to explain personnel affairs. The key to this kind of divination is to extract the characteristics of the dream image and how to make analogies. Compared with the symbolism method and the analogy method, the "analogy" method is more convenient for dreamers to interpret dreams and prove that the prediction is successful. For the dreamer, there will also be satisfaction. For example, "A ten-foot ruler means that a person can be correct in length. Dreaming about a ten-foot ruler means that he wants to correct people. Weighing means that a person can be correct. Dreaming about a (weight) balance means that he can be balanced. A pavilion means accumulation of merit and success by the people. Dream of building a ruler The pavilion is a sign of success. It is a humble thing to dream about.Rough clogs are used by children. "Zhangchi" has the function of "correcting the length". It is used to compare people and make analogies. Dreaming of "Zhangchi" means trying to correct people's lengths. "Weighing" has the characteristic of weighing both ends. Comparing things with people makes analogies. Dreaming of weighing means treating people fairly. Comparing things with people and making analogies. Those who dream of rough clogs will be provided with child servants. Such metaphors and analogies cannot be said to be unfounded, nor can they be said to be true, but as a result. A formula or dogma, regardless of the specific situation of the dreamer, is difficult to implement and convincing.

The homophony method is to first take the homophony of the dream image, and then interpret the dream image and personnel based on the homophony. In "The Book of Songs", "Many fishes mean a good harvest." "Many fishes" are not only a symbol of a good harvest, but "many fishes" is a cross between "many fishes" and "many fishes", which can also be interpreted as a good harvest. Nowadays, in rural New Year pictures that represent a good harvest, it is common to see a fat baby holding a big carp, which means that "fish" is a joke with "more than enough".

In the Eastern Han Dynasty, Xu Shen's "Shuowen" was first published, followed by Liu Xi's "Shiming". In terms of exegesis, "Shuowen" mainly talks about form training, and "Shiming" mainly talks about sound training or sound training. Sound training or sound training is to use words with the same or similar sounds to explain the meaning of words. "Shiming" summarized the achievements in this area since the pre-Qin Dynasty, which was very influential in society at that time. Therefore, during the Three Kingdoms period, Zhao Zhi used the word "mulberry" to play the word "mourning" in his dreams, thinking that dreaming of mulberry trees was unlucky. In the Jin Dynasty, he used "fire" to play the word "disaster", thinking that dreaming of fire would bring disaster.

Since the Wei and Jin Dynasties, it has been very common to use the word "coffin" in the coffin to refer to the word "official" in official positions, both among scholars and among the people. "The general will visit the official and dream of the coffin", which is found in "Shishuo" and "Jin Shu". It is said that Zhao Liangqi dreamed of eleven coffins, and ended up holding eleven official positions, reaching Zhongshu. Gaofu dreamed of many coffins, and he sat in a large one. As a result, he was promoted from chief minister to chief minister. Li Fengji's maid dreamed that someone was carrying a coffin into the hall, and it turned out that Li Fengji became a scholar, and so on.

3. Reverse interpretation "Reverse interpretation", as the name suggests, is to reverse the dream image and interpret the dream meaning and personnel affairs from the negative side. Direct interpretation and interpretation are more flexible, but in some dream cases, the content of the dream image is exactly opposite to the subsequent personnel events. At this time, it is difficult for the dreamer to interpret the dream. In order to insist that the dream image is a harbinger of personnel events, Dreamers say this is a "counter omen".

For example, Su Shi of the Song Dynasty said in his "Historical Notes on the Phenomenon of Things": Dreams "may turn over and form an image, and you will die crying, but you will be rewarded with being honored by an official." Another example from "Taiping Guangji" quoted from "Jiwen" is that someone in Jinyang dreamed of being bitten by a tiger, and his mother said: "People say that dreams of death lead to life, so dreams are reversed."

Dream fortune tellers use the above methods to make dreams come true, and because dream fortune tellers are so mysterious, ignorant people become even more superstitious about them. In this way, dream fortune tellers have had a profound impact on society.

[Master’s characteristic dream analysis]

The above dream interpretation is a general interpretation. If you need to know specific matters, you can ask the master to combine your birth date and horoscope.Interpretation of dreaming situations:

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