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Freud's "The Interpretation of Dreams": Sex, Lies, and Videotape

Freud's "The Interpretation of Dreams": Sex, Lies and Videotape

The first person in modern times to begin a systematic study of dreams was Freud. Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856, in Freiburg, Moravia (now the Czech Republic), Austria, to a Jewish businessman family. In 1881, he received a medical degree from the University of Vienna. For the next 10 years, he practiced medicine in a psychiatric clinic, had a private practice in the treatment of neurological diseases, and devoted himself to the study of physiology. Freud's psychological ideas developed gradually. In 1895, he published his first treatise, "Essays on Hysteria"; his second treatise, "The Interpretation of Dreams", came out in 1900. This is one of his most creative and meaningful treatises. In 1938, the Nazis invaded Austria. Because Freud was a Jew, he was afraid of being persecuted, so he fled to London regardless of his 82-year-old age, where he unfortunately died of cancer on September 23, 1939.

Freud made great contributions to psychology. He emphasized the importance of unconscious thought processes in human behavior. He demonstrated how such a process affects the content of dreams and causes common misfortunes such as slips of the tongue, forgetting names, traumatic accidents, and even illness. Freud created psychoanalysis as a treatment for mental illness. He systematically discussed the theory of human personality structure, and also developed and popularized some psychological theories. He was an extremely great figure in the history of human thought. His psychological views revolutionized our conception of the human mind.

Freud's first work on the subject of dreams was "The Interpretation of Dreams", completed in 1899. This book contains Freud's method of dream interpretation. Although some of Freud's theories are difficult to accept, his work on dream interpretation is a treasure trove of knowledge that we all now draw from and regard it as a treasure trove for studying the dream world. Even those who have strayed from this path and followed another path are in awe of his work.

Freud believed that personality can be divided into id, ego and superego. The id is the most primitive, vague and difficult to grasp part of the personality. It is composed of all innate instinctive impulses. It is the place where psychological energy is stored. It acts according to the pleasure principle. The self is an actualized instinct, a part of the self that is differentiated from the self under repeated lessons from reality. The superego is also called the ideal self and the self-model. It is a part that develops from the self. It is the moralized self and the part differentiated from the self that can carry out self-criticism and moral control. It is considered to be the last formed and most civilized part of the personality. It is the representative of all moral principles,Its main function is to supervise one's actions in accordance with social moral standards.

The essence of dreams is "the fulfillment of a wish." Although desire is suppressed in the unconscious (subconscious), it is still active and seeking satisfaction unconsciously. It cannot be satisfied due to the inspection function of the superego, the "inspector" at the door of consciousness; however, when people During sleep, due to the relaxation of the checking function, the desires in the unconscious (subconscious) can bypass the superego and take the opportunity to break into consciousness in the form of makeup (i.e. disguise) to form dreams. Therefore, even the content of dreams is not the true face of desire. It must be analyzed and explained to find the real root cause.

Freud coined two terms - "manifest dream" and "latent meaning". The so-called manifest dream is similar to a mask, which is "what the dream narrates" and "the apparent content of the dream." The so-called hidden meaning is the desire concealed by the mask, "the hidden thing that we can only reach through conceptual analysis", and the "implicit dream thought". Dreaming is like making up a riddle. The manifest dream is the content of the riddle, which is the riddle, and the hidden meaning is the answer. In this way, Freud divided dreams into two parts-the manifest dream and the latent meaning.

How did Freud interpret dreams?

The first is "sex". As far as the development and changes of sex are concerned, Freud believes that the ego is at work. Because sex is one of humanity's most intense pleasures, Freud theorized that it is the most important human drive in most specific circumstances. Freud did not limit sex to genital experience, but included everything that produced pleasure into such an all-encompassing view of sexual desire. All experiences and emotional interactions are measured by their ability to move us closer or further away from the satisfaction of our hedonic needs.

The second is "lie". Freud always said that the ego and superego are the least honest. Only the id is honest, but it is suppressed by the first two. The id and superego are often in conflict, and the ego becomes the peacemaker. Therefore, people with a strong ego are often seen as people who "abide by the golden mean". The healthiest people have a perfect union of id, ego, and superego so that any one of the three can live in harmony and enjoy the blessings of the other two. The most unhealthy person cannot combine the three harmoniously, so no one of the id, ego and superego can live in harmony with the other two aspects and share the fun. This is where “lie” becomes important. The side of the personality that needs compensation most often tries to manipulate the other two aspects in the dream state, subconsciously achieving goals that cannot be achieved in the waking state.

Finally there is "Video Tape". Freud always liked to compare the brain to a certain extent as a sponge. He believed that the earliest childhood experiences were recorded by the brain and stored in memory in order to explain events in later life. According to Freud, a dream is an adapted childhood scene that evolves into an adult experience.

Freud believed that dreams are somewhat like riddles and jigsaw puzzles. To understand dreams, Freud encouraged the use of free association methods between dream images and waking consciousness. Through this method, he hopes to interpret dreams by capturing the various subtle meanings and conflicts that have been projected into the subconscious world.

[Master’s characteristic dream analysis]

The above dream interpretations are general interpretations. If you need to know specific matters, you can ask a master to interpret your dreams based on your birth date and the scene when you dreamed:

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