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Jung: Dreams show us the unmodified truth of nature

Jung: Dreams show us the unmodified truth of nature

In the view of many scholars, Freud's weakness lay in his excessive obsession with sexual connotations, which resulted in the power of the theory he created being greatly weakened. Another master of dream interpretation after Freud was Jung.

Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), a famous Swiss psychologist and psychoanalyst, has received high praise in the world of psychology and is a pioneer of modern psychology. One of the originators. He is the author of "Psychology of Unconscious Processes", "Psychological Types", "Analytical Psychology and the Interpretation of Dreams" and "Memory, Dreams and Thinking". He was born on July 26, 1875 in Thurgau, Switzerland. In 1902, Jung received a doctorate in medicine from the University of Zurich, and in 1905 he became a lecturer in psychiatry at the school. Later he resigned and opened his own clinic. In 1911 he was elected the first president of the International Psychoanalytic Society. Later, he withdrew from the International Psychoanalytic Association due to differences with Freud and founded his own analytical psychology. Died in 1961.

Jung interpreted tens of thousands of dreams and had an extremely profound understanding of dreams, but his point of view was different from Freud's. He did not believe that dreams were only for the purpose of fulfilling wishes, nor that dreams were carried out. What disguise. Jung believed that "dreams are spontaneous and undistorted products of the unconscious." In Freud's view, dreams are like a cunning gangster who speaks dirty words in a roundabout way. In Jung's view, dreams are like a poet, telling the truth about the soul in vivid and vivid language. The poetic language used in such dreams is symbolism. Symbols are not meant to disguise, but to express more clearly. This is just like when we describe a novel thing to others, in order to explain it clearly, we need to use metaphors to illustrate it.

The basic purpose of dreams is not to satisfy desires through disguise, but to restore psychological balance. Jung called it dream compensation. He believes that if a person's personality development is unbalanced and he over-develops one aspect of himself and suppresses other aspects of himself, dreams will remind him to pay attention to this suppressed side. For example, when a person values ​​his strong and brave temperament too much and does not admit that he also has tenderness and even a weak side, he may dream that he is a timid little girl.

Jung also believed that dreams show the neglected and suppressed side of the dreamer's own heart, and therefore can often serve as a warning. Jung mentioned this example:

A woman who is usually headstrong, stubborn and extreme, and likes to argue. She had a dream: "I was at a social gathering. The hostess welcomed me and said, 'I'm so glad you're here. What's your pleasure?There are friends waiting for you here. ’ Then the hostess led me to the door and opened the door for me. I walked in and saw it was a cattle pen. ”

It can be seen from this dream that the other side of the dreamer's heart is modest. It reminds this lady that you usually behave like a stubborn cow.

Jung also believed that the events and emotions experienced by human beings from generation to generation will eventually leave traces on the soul, and these traces can be passed on through inheritance. For example, when one thinks of the sun, one thinks of greatness, kindness, and radiance, like a handsome man. When I think of the moon, I think of tenderness and beauty, like a young girl. This is because generations of people have seen the sun and moon, and the emotions of generations of people towards the sun and moon have been passed down to everyone's heart through inheritance. When a modern person thinks of a wise man, it is easy for him to conjure up an image of an old man with white hair and a long beard, but it is unlikely that he will conjure up an image of a lively girl. This is because in the past generations, the smartest people were Those old people who have experienced many vicissitudes of life.

Jung called these primitive traces of inheritance archetypes. He said that the prototype itself is not a specific image, but just a tendency, but the prototype can appear through an image. In dreams, sometimes there will be some strange plots and images that cannot be explained by the dreamer's own life experience. Then, this is the image that expresses the prototype.

A 10-year-old girl had a series of dreams that contained extremely weird and incredible images and themes. She drew these dreams into a picture album, and the picture album drew some pictures like this:

An evil snake-like monster appears, it has horns, kills and eats other animals. But God came from all sides (there are 4 Gods in the painting) and regenerated all animals;

Ascension to heaven, where pagans dance and celebrate. In hell, angels are doing good deeds;

A group of small animals threatened her, and the small animals grew in size, and one of them swallowed her;

A little mouse is penetrated by bugs, snakes, fish and people. A mouse turns into a human;

Looking at a drop of water through a microscope, she saw many trees in the water;

A bad boy holds a piece of soil and throws it at passers-by little by little, and the passers-by turn into bad guys;

A drunken woman falls into the water and rises up a new person;

Many people rolled on the ant pile and were attacked by ants. When scared, the little girl fell into the river;

There is a desert on the moon. She sank, into hell;

There is a shining ball. When she touched it, steam came out, and a man came out and killed her;

She herself is critically ill. Suddenly a bird came out of her belly and covered her;

Swarms of insects covered the sun, moon and stars, and the only star that was not covered fell on her.

Jung believed that these dream thoughts contained philosophical concepts. For example, each of the above dreams has a theme of death and resurrection. This theme also exists in many dreams.Among multi-religious ideas, it is global. The fourth and fifth dreams contain the idea of ​​evolution, and the second dream reflects the idea of ​​moral relativity. Overall, this series of dreams considers a set of philosophical issues: death, resurrection, atonement, human birth and value relativity, reflecting the idea of ​​"life is like a dream" and the transformation of life and death.

So, how could a 10-year-old girl understand this? How could she think of this? Jung believed that she could understand because the thinking of generations of ancestors had been passed down to her through archetypes. She wants to think about this because she is facing this problem and she may die. Although the girl in the dream was not sick at the time, she died of an infection soon after.

In Jung's eyes, archetypes are not fixed forms, but more like primitive human souls hidden in the deepest parts of our hearts - what Jung calls the collective subconscious. This primitive man appears in dreams in various forms. When we encounter difficulties, he helps us think of ideas, and when we face danger, he warns us. Because of his hundreds and thousands of generations of life experience, his wisdom and intuition far exceed our conscious thoughts.

Jung believed that "the primitive man in us" uses dreams to reveal and express himself. If we can understand dreams, it is like knowing many "primitive" friends, whose wisdom can give us great help.

Jung believed that not all dreams are of equal value. Some dreams only involve trivial matters and are not very important, while other dreams - dreams in which archetypes are involved - are shocking, so mysterious and sacred. So strange, strange, incredible, as if from another world, these dreams are important.

Jung believed that dreams are not the fulfillment of wishes, but revelations, predictions or predictions of the future. Therefore, we should pay attention to the wisdom of dreams.

[Master’s characteristic dream analysis]

The above dream interpretations are general interpretations. If you need to know specific matters, you can ask a master to interpret your dreams based on your birth date and the scene when you dreamed:

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